[systematic review of randomized trials; strong evidence], The following RCTs likewise show no clear detriment to eating red meat. A precise definition is hard to come by. Journal of the American Heart Association 2016: Microbiota-dependent metabolite trimethylamine n-oxide and coronary artery calcium in the coronary artery risk development in young adults study (CARDIA) [observational study with HR < 2; very weak evidence] ↩ Diabetologia 2009: Meat consumption and the risk of type 2 diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis of cohort studies [observational study with HR < 2; very weak evidence], European Journal of Epidemiology 2017: Food groups and risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective studies [observational study with HR < 2; very weak evidence]. This does not mean that we should go without them entirely. ↩ The following references were funded by the meat industry. GuidePart 2 explores the link between cows and climate change and how a burgeoning worldwide movement in holistic regenerative agriculture is using cows to help draw carbon out of the atmosphere and store it in the soil. The first is that it is very rich in protein. While the tastiest cuts of beef are often ones with more fat, you won't necessarily have to sacrifice flavor when choosing lean cuts of beef. Guide This guide explains what is known about saturated fat, discusses the scientific evidence about its role in health, and explores whether we should be concerned about how much we eat it. Generally, the meat from mammals such as cows and calves, sheep, lamb and pigs is considered red, while chicken, turkey and rabbit meat is considered white. Red meats are, indeed, richer in iron and in some vitamins, such as folic acid or vitamins B12, B1, B2 and B5. In fact the most prized meat is that from a specific kind of ox: Kobe ox. Poultry is white, as well as duck and goose. It’s one of the most controversial foods in the history of nutrition. Game birds such as pheasants, geese or ducks are sometimes put in a separate category altogether but for the purposes of this report, will be included in the white meat category. While there isn’t enough evidence to indict red meat as harmful for all of us, these options for including it in your diet could potentially be best for your own health and the health of our planet. Discuss any lifestyle changes with your doctor. (French: viandes noires — "dark meats".) However, keep several things in mind. Bull meat is not always easy to source nor is it a dish which enjoys generalised approval. What is Considered Red Meat. Here, the data are much less conclusive regarding the role of red meat and heart disease. Journal of Nutrition 2010: A review of fatty acid profiles and antioxidant content in grass-fed and grain-fed beef [overview article; ungraded] BMJ: Risks of ischaemic heart disease and stroke in meat eaters, fish eaters, and vegetarians over 18 years of follow-up: results from the prospective EPIC-Oxford study [observational study; weak evidence] ↩ Circulation 2010: Red and processed meat consumption and risk of incident coronary heart disease, stroke, and diabetes mellitus: a systematic review and meta-analysis [observational study with HR < 2; very weak evidence] ↩ Meat Science 2015 Red meat consumption and ischemic heart disease. The term “red meat” can be a bit confusing, though, since veal and pork flesh are often light in color while duck, as well as salmon and some other fish are reddish. Get ready for a new, luscious take on deliciousness! Pork is classed as "livestock" along with veal, lamb and beef. Zinc, vitamins B6, B3 and B12, phosphorus, selenium and iron are some of the benefits of bull's meat. Red meat refers to all types of mammalian muscle meat, and includes the following: beef veal pork (not the “other white meat” after all, apparently) lamb mutton goat horse He explains why in this interview. Could protein restriction on a low-carb or keto diet cause problems? Equally, another benefit of pork is its contribution in Omega 3. 0. The USDA considers all meat from mammals to be red meat, however, many circles consider rabbit a white meat. Red meat is the meat of mammals, which is normally red when raw. The shelf life of various processed meats span a very wide range; certain types last for only a few days in the refrigerator, while dried or canned types can remain edible for several months or even years when stored at room temperature. [Commentary — no evidence] ↩ A meta-analysis of controlled trials concluded that there was no difference in the heart disease risk factors like LDL and blood pressure among people who ate red meat several times a week compared to those who rarely ate red meat: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2017: Total red meat intake of ≥0.5 servings/d does not negatively influence cardiovascular disease risk factors: a systemically searched meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials [strong evidence]. Some nutritionists recommend not abusing these meats and to not eat them more than two or three times a week. Buty it is important to note that the conclusion was that the overall level of evidence found in the RCTs was low. The general concept for requiring a high enough hazard ratio also comes form the following references: PLoS Medicine 2005: Why most published research findings are false [overview article; ungraded], American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 1999: Causal criteria in nutritional epidemiology [overview article; ungraded], This is also supported by the so-called “Bradford Hill Criteria” as originally described in this 1965 publication. Learn whether red meat is … ↩ British Journal of Nutrition 2011: Red meat from animals offered a grass diet increases plasma and platelet n-3 PUFA in healthy consumers [randomized trial; moderate evidence]. The information we provide at DietDoctor.com is not intended to replace consultation with a qualified medical professional. The distinction of white or red meat in pork is complicated. Most poultry, except game birds, are also white meat. 1 doctor agrees. 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