kalinjar fort upsc

Kalinjar Fort. It was only when Alexander Cunningham, the founder of Archaeological Survey of India excavated the site that he realised the actual antiquity of the fort. His capital was at Khajuraho and he is said to have built the famous Lakshmana temple there. Some of the major road distances are: Chitrakoot, 78 kilometres (48 mi); Banda, 62 kilometres (39 mi); Khajuraho, 130 kilometres (81 mi); and Allahabad, 205 kilometres (127 mi). It served several of Bundelkhand's ruling dynasties, including the Chandela dynasty of Rajputs in the 10th century, and the Solankis of Rewa. Kalinjar is located in Banda District of Uttar Pradesh state, near the temple-city and World Heritage Site of Khajuraho. The name of the fort, too, is symbolic of Shiva’s power to tide over time. The Chandel king at this time was Raja Keerat Rai, whose daughter Rani Durgavati was married to the king of Garha-Mandla, Dalpat. Gallery . Built on top of a hill 800 feet high, this fortress has been in continuous occupation for the last 1500 years from the Gupta dynasty in 3rd century CE to serving as a British garrison during the Revolt of 1857. Kalinjar Fort certainly comes under the category of the toughest and beautiful forts which were a significant part of ancient India. Category:Kalinjar Fort. Islam Shah, Sher Shah Suri’s son captured the fort in the same year and ordered the slaughter of everyone inside the fort. Born as Mahesh Das (1528-1586), Birbal belonged to the Kalpi region of Bundelkhand, around 200 miles from Kalinjar. Finally, on 8th February 1812 CE, the Bundelas surrendered, handing over the fort to the British. Mahmud of Ghazni Sher Shah Suri Humayun Jahangir 2). Main objective of this website is it carry out and support research work on Kalinjar Fort. Kalinjar is located in Banda District of Uttar Pradesh state, near the temple-city and World Heritage Site of Khajuraho. The Shiva temple within the fort draws its origin from this journey of Shiva. Read this book using Google Play Books app on your PC, android, iOS devices. Objective GK Multiple Choice Questions. The fortress contains several temples dating as far … Kalinjar fort and Neelkanth Temple . Built on top of a hill 800 feet high, this fortress has been in continuous occupation for the last 1500 years from the Gupta dynasty in 3rd century CE to serving as a British garrison during the Revolt of 1857. Kalinjar Fort: Focus at making beautiful Shikharas: Solankis: Anhilwara(Patan) Jain Temples at Mount Abu: Gurjar(Pratihar) Kannauj: Mihir Bhoj was the most famous ruler: Notable sculptures of this period, include Viswaroopa form of Vishnu and … Ironically, the very walls of the fort which protected the British garrison were dismantled by the British in 1866 CE, to prevent any further revolts. Keerat Rai was assisted by the powerful Gond kingdom during the siege, which lasted for well over a year. Skip to content. Kalinjar is located near the World Heritage Site of Khajuraho. Gallery. Siege of Kalinjar (1531): The fortress of Kalinjar was a stronghold of the Hindu Chandel kings and over the centuries remained an impregnable obstacle to many invaders. GRASP IAS An Institute for Civil Services Menu. Here are 10 GK questions for today, March 27, 2019 for various competitive exams in India. La forteresse est située sur une colline rocheuse isolée à l'extrémité la chaîne Vindhya, à une altitude de 367 mètres et surplombe les plaines de Bundelkund. The temple thus recognises Shiv as superior to time and a destroyer of it.Â, A view of inside Rani Mahal, Kalinjar fort | Sagar Das, Rosehub/ via Commons, GOP Senate majority leader McConnell finally acknowledges Biden won election, ISL 2020-21: Santana's twin burst scripts Hyderabad's 3-2 win over East Bengal, Release date of Madhavan's 'Maara', remake of Malayalam movie 'Charlie', revealed, Banks' capital positions key for monetary policy to impact credit channel: RBI working paper, New insight into how brain makes memories for time and space. The Kalinjar fort was also built by the Chandela Rulers in the 10 th century and the fort served both the Chandela dynasty of Rajputs and the Solankis of Rewa between 10 th and 13 th Century. Visiting Shravasti is like walking on hallowed ground, for the Buddha performed his most dramatic miracles here. Since 1904, the fort has been under the Archaeological Survey of India and remains to this day. It was King Yashovarman, the founder of the Chandella dynasty who ruled between 925 and 950 CE who conquered the Kalinjar fort, though we don’t know when and from whom. The temple is built in a cave with two dark lingas inside - one each to indicate Shiva and his consort Parvati. The Kalinjar fort was also built by the Chandela Rulers in the 10 th century and the fort served both the Chandela dynasty of Rajputs and the Solankis of Rewa between 10 th and 13 th Century. Join our mailing list to receive the latest news and updates from our team. Kalinjar is one of Shiva's names, which means 'Decayer of Time' (Kal - Time, Jar - Decay). I visited the place on a two day outing to kalinjar-panna-khajuraho. 12345678910 1). But closely connected with their history, is the history of the impregnable fortress of Kalinjar, around 102 kms from Khajuraho. But closely connected with their history, is the history of the impregnable fortress of Kalinjar, around 102 kms from Khajuraho. The Chandella kingdom was called Jejakabhukti, which covered parts of modern Bundelkhand. In 1203 Kalinjar fell to the Muslim hosts of Qutb-ud-din Aibak, first of Delhi’s slave dynasty, who defeated by siege the last of the Chandel rajas, Parmadideva. They were a part of Agnivanshi Rajput dynasty. There are many buildings and temples inside this fort. Chunnar fort was strategically important, which was the trade hub of something North India prized the most… stone! The main body of the fort lies from east to west, oblong in form, being nearly a mile in length by half a mile in breadth. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. This historical fort was built to protect the land from any attacks from the north. A view of inside Rani Mahal, Kalinjar fort | Sagar Das, Rosehub/ via Commons. The Paramaras of Malwa. Enter your email address to subscribe and receive notifications of new posts by email. It served several of Bundelkhand's ruling dynasties, including the Chandela dynasty of Rajputs in the 10th century, and the Solankis of Rewa. Celebrations of Kalinjar fort will be held between February 22 and 24. Successive Muslim invasions weakened the fort’s defences, and then in 1182 the rival Chandella forces were crushed by the Hindu Chauhan Emperor. The site of Kalinjar Fort is also considered holy due to some mystic relations. The sanctity of Kalinjar was violated. Watch Queue Queue. Even though, there is no evidence regarding the origin of this fort, it is estimated that it was built in around 10 th century, when the land was under the rule of Chandel dynasty. GK for SSC and PCS Examinations [Test-162] GK / General Studies Test with multiple choice questions (MCQs) for UPSC, Civil Services, SSC, Banking, UPPSC, RPSC, KPSC, KAS, … Kalinjar Fort An Indian fort. The Chandelas built the most famous Kandariya Mahadeva Temple in 1050 A.D. and a number of beautiful temples at Khajuraho. Kalinjar comes into prominence once again in 1019 CE, when Mahmud of Ghazni attacked the Chandella kingdom and specifically Kalinjar during his tenth invasion of India. Fort Kalinjar est une ville forteresse de la région Bundelkund du centre de l'Inde. Kalinjar fort is located in Banda District of Uttar Pradesh state, near the temple-city and World Heritage Site of Khajuraho. Elle a servi plusieurs des dynasties régnantes de Bundelkund, y compris la dynastie Chandela des Rajputs au Xe siècle, et les Solankî de Rewa. Today, the fort is home to multiple structures like temples, ponds, mosques, tombs, gateways and palaces. The story of the Dawoodi Bohra community and the spectacular town they left behind. Watch Queue Queue NEW DELHI 5 Ansari Road, New Delhi-110 002 Phones: 011-23273601-04, 23266646 l Fax: 23276593, 23274261 Contact Person : Mr K Sharma: LUCKNOW 9, Ashok Nagar, Near Pratibha Press, Gautam Buddha Marg, Latoche Road, Lucknow- 226018 Birbal enjoyed the Kalinjar jagir till his death in 1586 CE. La forteresse est située sur une colline rocheuse isolée à l'extrémité la chaîne Vindhya, à une altitude de 367 mètres et surplombe les plaines de Bundelkund. Vidyadhara is noted for having commissioned the Kandariya Mahadeva Temple. This was the fort that Afghan ruler Sher Shah Suri, was trying to capture when he was killed and this was also once owned by Akbar’s confidante and ‘Court Gem’, Birbal. Raja Chhatrasal had carved out a large kingdom in Bundelkhand for himself. It was the only place in the Banda district to be in British possession. Subscribe . Alexander Cunningham reproduces an account of Ghazni’s invasion of Kalinjar by Nizamuddin Ahmad (1551-1621 CE), a prominent historian in Akbar’s court: However, this account was written several hundred years later of the actual attack and may not be completely accurate. Kalinjar Fort Situated on top of a hill, this fort contains a treasure house of many monuments and idols. This video is unavailable. The fort stayed with the Bundelas till 1812 CE when the British thought that the fort was too powerful to be left in Indian hands. This emphasis on planting trees has been a recurrent theme in the DM’s tenure with saplings even replacing traditional return gifts in weddings and parties.Â, In mythology, the Kalainjar fort, mentioned in the Vedas and the Puranas, is closely associated with Shiva who came to it after drinking the poison that emerged from the churning of the oceans by the gods and the demons. The Kalinjar fort is linked by road to all the important centres in the region with regular bus services. An ethnic Afghan ruler, Sher Shah took control of the Mughal Empire in 1540. The Khajuraho temples, with all their erotic sculptures and tantric subtext are famous across the world. Prelims.. Akbar captured the fort in 1569 CE and under his reign, it was gifted as a jagir (grant) to his favourite courtier, Birbal. GK for SSC and PCS Examinations [Test-162] GK / General Studies Test with multiple choice questions (MCQs) for UPSC, Civil Services, SSC, Banking, UPPSC, RPSC, KPSC, KAS, … Which among the following is the first Indian PSU listed .. - Nizamuddin " Whoever bathes in the lake of the gods in Kalanjar acquires the same merit as if he had made a gift of 1000 cows. During December weather was good.Fort includes a shiva temple, venkat vihari temple, raani mahal, aman mahal and few other mahals located here and there. One of the most well-attended shows of the celebration has been the performances of Charkula dance where women balance multi-layered wooden pyramids on their head with 108 lit earthen lamps and sing praises of Lord Krishna.Â, Banda’s District Magistrate Heera Lal said the celebrations were part of his efforts to revamp Banda’s image. The fort is called as “The Destroyer of Time” since it is one of the few forts that stood against the … The fort thus became a part of the Delhi Sultanate. History Of The Fort. Sher Shah Suri (Pashto: شېر شاه سوري ‎) (1486 – 22 May 1545), born Farīd Khān (Pashto: فرید خان ‎), was the founder of the Suri Empire in India, with its capital in Sasaram in modern-day Bihar.He introduced the currency of rupee. Not much is known about Kalinjar under Birbal. Kalinjar is located near the World Heritage Site of Khajuraho. He believes that it might have been used by Shaivite ascetics as a place of retreat giving it the name Kalanjaradri or 'Hill of Kalinjar'. This was just a minor branch of the Chandella family, ruling a small tract around Kalinjar. In year 1182-83, Prithviraj Chauhan invaded Chandela kingdom and sacked Mahoba due to which King Parmardi took shelter in Kalinjar fort but here also Prithviraj defeated Chandela forces and Parmardi shifted to Gaya. Kalinjar (Hindi: कालिंजर) is a fortress-city in the Bundelkhand region of central India.Kalinjar is located in Banda District of Uttar Pradesh state, near the temple-city and World Heritage Site of Khajuraho.The fortress is strategically located on an isolated rocky hill at the end the Vindhya Range, at an elevation of 1,203 feet (367 m) and overlooks the plains of Bundelkhand. It ended dramatically on 22nd May 1545, when a missile-like weapon set off by the Afghans bounced off the mighty walls and landed in a gunpowder dump near Sher Shah Suri. Kalinjar is located in Banda District of Uttar Pradesh. Thus, hot air balloon rides, spreads of local cuisine, performances of local Bundeli songs and dances, sporting competitions and an exhibition of the state’s flagship ‘One District, One Product’ (ODOP) scheme are part of the celebrations. The walls of Kalinjar were found to be impregnable. There are layers and layers of history piled up in the Kalinjar fort, yet not even a small fraction of the many tourists who head to Khajuraho each year, bother to take that drive and visit the once famous fort of Kalinjar! UPSC Prelims 2020 Important topics: Famous Places in India for Civil Services and Other competitive exams. Kalinjar Fort is a fortress-city in the Bundelkhand region of central India. The fortress is strategically located on an isolated rocky hill at the end the Vindhya Range, at an elevation of 1,203 feet (367 m) and overlooks the plains of Bundelkhand. Kalinjar (means “The destroyer of time” in Sanskrit) is a fortress-city is strategically located on an isolated rocky hill at the end the Vindhya Range, at an elevation of 367 m and overlooks the plains of Bundelkhand. Hotels near Kalinjar Fort, Khajuraho on Tripadvisor: Find 103 traveller reviews, 7,640 candid photos, and prices for 9 hotels near Kalinjar Fort in Khajuraho, India. Kalinjar was their important fort. By Puja Awasthi February 23, 2020 22:45 IST. It is 90Km from my present abode ie Satna, MP. These things reveal various aspects of history. The mandap in front of the temple is exquisitely carved. Cunningham has an interesting theory of where the name Kalinjar or Kalinjar comes from. Kalinjar Fort is a treasure trove for history lovers with its rich collection of monuments, temples and artefacts. Celebrations of Kalinjar fort will be held between February 22 and 24, Banda in Uttar Pradesh is currently celebrating one of Bundelkhand’s most famous forts—the Kalinjar fort—built by the Chandela kings who ruled the region between the 9th and 13th centuries.Â, The celebrations between February 22 and 24 are an attempt to not just underscore the religious importance of the fort which houses a Shiv temple, but also an attempt to help see the fort in new light as a tourist destination. There is also a large reservoir named Koti-Teertha, which locals believed could cure people of leprosy. Download for offline reading, highlight, bookmark or take notes while you read UPSC IAS Mains : SOCIOLOGY CATEGORISED PAPERS. During the Revolt of 1857, Indian revolutionaries made several attempts to conquer the fort, but the same impregnable walls of Kalinjar prevented it. In 1707 CE, Emperor Bahadur Shah, son and successor of Aurangzeb ‘officially’ granted Kalinjar to Raja Chhatrasal. "Kalinjar fort was unparalleled in the whole of Hindustan for strength". Thereafter, a British garrison was stationed there. Each day, Live History India brings you stories and films that not only chronicle India’s history and heritage for you, but also help create a digital archive of the 'Stories that make India' for future generations. Kalinjar Fort Bundelkhand Uttar Pradesh in Hindi, Kalinjar Fort History & Story in Hindi, All Information About Kalinjar Fort in Hindi, Kalinjar ka Kila, कलिंजर किला का इतिहास, जानकारी Some of the major road distances are: Chitrakoot, 78 km (48 mi); Banda, 62 km (39 mi); Khajuraho, 130 km (81 mi); and Allahabad, 205 km (127 mi). Qutb al-Din Aibak (1150-1210) was a general of the Ghurid king Mu'izz ad-Din Muhammad Ghori.He was in-charge of the Ghurid territories in northern India, and after Mu'izz ad-Din's death, he became the ruler of an independent kingdom that evolved into the Delhi Sultanate ruled by the Mamluk dynasty.. A native of Turkestan, Aibak was sold into slavery as a child. Jump to navigation Jump to search. Kalinjar Fort Bundelkhand Banda. The major attraction in the fort is the Neelkanth temple which was built by Chandella ruler Parmardi Dev (1165 – 1203 CE). It has an ancient fort which rises above agricultural countryside. Best Time To Visit Kalinjar Fort . The Kalinjar fort is linked by road to all the important centres in the region with regular bus services. During December weather was good.Fort includes a shiva temple, venkat vihari temple, raani mahal, aman mahal and few other mahals located here and there. The Chandellas continued to rule Kalinjar till 1202 CE when a large army under Qutubuddin Aibak conquered the fort from Parmadideva and broke the Chandella power once and for all. An army under Colonel Martindell was sent to conquer the fort itself are uncertain seen so much people... Book using Google Play Books app on your PC, android, iOS devices 23, 2020 22:45 IST Inde... 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The temple-city and World Heritage Site of Khajuraho performed his most dramatic miracles here 1586 CE of Bundelkhand around. Ansari at 5:16 AM No comments: email this BlogThis Kalinjar were found be! Constant need to connect people with their history, is the Neelkanth temple which was built to protect land. On a two day outing to kalinjar-panna-khajuraho, handing over the fort from 9th... Chandella ruler Parmardi Dev ( 1165 – 1203 CE ) of Delhi at 5:16 AM comments... Fatal burns and he died the same day, ruling a small tract around Kalinjar read UPSC IAS:! Kingdom in Bundelkhand against the Rajputs of Mahoba seven splendid gateways World for being as strong the... And historical forts in India for Civil services and Other competitive exams closely connected with history! Time ' ( Kal - time, Jar - Decay ) the family... In year 1165 CE, Parmardi ascended the Chandela dynasty l ' Inde parts of modern Bundelkhand history, symbolic. 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