durian smell chemical

Image via Wikimedia Commons/Kalai, If you’ve smelled a durian even once, you probably remember it. According to a 2009 Japanese study, durian extract strongly inhibits the enzyme aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH), used by the liver to break down alcohol. This week’s Reactions video explains the unique chemistry behind durian, and catches our co-hosts at PBS Digital Studios reacting to this stinky delicacy as they try it for the first time. The smell of gas reported in a students' library in Melbourne turned out to be a rotting durian. (Credit: Shutterstock)Chemical CommunicationSmelldurianA photo of a durian … So to get back to your question, I bet the people who like the smell of Durian fruit probably have different smell receptors to those who think its disgusting. Those compounds included eight that hadn’t been detected in durians before—and four compounds that had been completely unknown to science. The reason durian smells so bad has actually been discovered by science. Blue cheese and Durian fruit have very strong smells. No smell, they’re not ripe and unless you like crunchy durian, you won’t be happy. Weird & Wacky, Copyright © 2020 HowStuffWorks, a division of InfoSpace Holdings, LLC, a System1 Company. Humorous views on interesting, bizarre and amusing articles, submitted by a community of millions of news junkies, with regular Photoshop contests. The authors set out to identify the big chemical players in the durian’s odor signature. 17th Annual Photo Contest Finalists Announced. Image via Wikimedia Commons/Steve Bennett. Privacy Statement This might account for a piece of traditional Asian folklore: that getting intoxicated while eating durians can lead to death. This isn't the first research conducted on the durian's unique scent; in 2012, a team of German researchers identified dozens of chemical compounds that create to combine the smell, publishing their analysis in the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. Vote Now! Native to Southeast Asia, durians are famous throughout the world for their distinct, love-it-or-hate-it taste and smell. 1-(ethylsulfanyl)ethanethiol 4. Lacking, however, was information on which of those make a contribution to the characteristic durian smell. Insights into the Key Compounds of Durian (Durio zibethinus L. ‘Monthong’) Pulp Odor by Odorant Quantitation and Aroma Simulation Experiments. Chemical analysis allowed them to produce a simulation of the durian smell, and it’s a rich tapestry. Continue Advertising Notice The durian, a husked tree fruit from Southeast Asia, may smell unspeakably terrible, but it still tastes sweet and delicious like its closely related cousin, the jackfruit. 10.1021/cen-09829-newscripts-durian-gr1King stink: To the uninitiated, the smell of durian is strange and very intense. … Smell, smell smell. Durian, with its outer spikes, its inner slime, and its arsenal of odors, is an example of what can only be termed edible Stockholm syndrome. California Do Not Sell My Info Why Was Phrenology All the Rage in Victorian Times? "The lingering gas-like smell in the building is completely safe — someone left a durian fruit in one of our bins!" Durian is known as the king of fruits in Southeast Asia, but it’s also banned from many public spaces due to its powerful odor. Place a bag of bamboo charcoal in the refrigerator to remove any persistent smell of durians. Cookie Policy The compounds are identified by their chemical formulas, which are likely cryptic to anyone without a degree in organic chemistry (1-{sulfanyl}ethanethiol, for example), but the research team associated each one with a particular odor. Image via Wikimedia Commons/Kalai. “After a comprehensive search, firefighters identified the smell was not chemical gas, but gas generated from rotting durian,” it said. Sour milk, rotten bananas and mouldy cheese all make smells. The former smells fruity, while the latter smells like onions. The effect of this chemical lasts for few hours but the bad breath and body odour will continue till it is completely thrown out of our system by way of sweat or excreta. The researchers calculated the “odor activity values” of 19 of the durian’s smelly compounds to see which ones were the most potent. A number of them have been detected in just a few other substances, such as cooked beef, yeast extract, dried squid and leeks. Bamboo Charcoal; Bamboo charcoal has long been used as a deodorizer to remove practically all kinds of smells, from closets to shoe cabinets. Now, in a new study in the Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry, a group of scientists from the German Research Center for Food Chemistry has attempted to figure out how exactly the fruit produces such a powerful stench. Durians are banned on Signapore’s mass transit, among other public places, because of their potent scent. Durians are a divisive fruit from Asia and known for their strong aroma. Crazy much but the smell of durian is so pungent when you remove the flesh from the seeds and start mashing them. The answer is kind of complicated: A 2017 study published in Nature Genetics found that the durian is actually related to the fragrant cacao (chocolate) plant. ... lobbyists in India and Malaysia are fighting to ban the use of this chemical ripener due to side effects like vomiting, diarrhea, burning or tingling sensation, numbness, headache and dizziness. The durian is the fruit of several tree species belonging to the genus Durio. It’s also used in traditional Asian medicine, as both an anti-fever treatment and a aphrodisiac. The smell of durian is caused by a mix of 44 odor-active compounds, 41 of which have been properly identified, including: 1. ethyl (2S)-2-methylbutanoate 2. ethyl cinnamate 3. Most people who have tried durian either love it or hate it. But that research didn't investigate the genes behind those compounds. Durio zibethinus is the only species available in the international market: other species are sold in their local regions. Scientists at the German Research Center for Food Chemistry at the Liebniz Institute carefully recreated a Thai durian’s smell using the 20 chemicals known to make up its aroma. Ethanethiol is made up of different chemicals that can be found in other foods, lending them their smell. So to get back to your question, I bet the people who like the smell of Durian fruit probably have different smell receptors to those who think its disgusting. The smell is very strong and has been described as a combination of … Even with the husk intact, the notorious Asian fruit has such a potent stench that it’s banned on the Singapore Rapid Mass Transit. The durian, a husked tree fruit from Southeast Asia, may smell unspeakably terrible, but it still tastes sweet and delicious like its closely related cousin, the jackfruit. There are a few other known examples of this, but there is a lot more to find (there are hundreds of different smell receptors, after all). There are a few other known examples of this, but there is a lot more to find (there are hundreds of different smell receptors, after all). Smithsonian Institution. What’s interesting is that none of the compounds individually seem to match with the characteristic durian smell—they range widely, and include labels like fruity, skunky, metallic, rubbery, burnt, roasted onion, garlic, cheese, onion and honey. Food writer Richard Sterling has written “its odor is best described as…turpentine and onions, garnished with a gym sock. ... lobbyists in India and Malaysia are fighting to ban the use of this chemical ripener due to side effects like vomiting, diarrhea, burning or tingling sensation, numbness, headache and dizziness. Most people who have tried durian either love it or hate it. After a comprehensive search, firefighters identified the smell was not chemical gas, but gas generated from durian, which had been left rotting in a cupboard. The authors set out to identify the big chemical players in the durian's odor signature. You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website. How can something smell so darn gross? When combined, however, these two chemicals were indistinguishable from the durian odour. Get the best of Smithsonian magazine by email. If you’ve smelled a durian even once, you probably remember it. No smell, they’re not ripe and unless you like crunchy durian, you won’t be happy. Anthony Bourdain calls it “indescribable, something you will either love or despise…Your breath will smell as if you’d been French-kissing your dead grandmother.” The fruit’s flesh is sometimes eaten raw, or is cooked and used to flavor a number of traditional Southeast Asian dishes and candies. Whatever Happened to Eddie the Eagle, Britain’s Most Lovable Ski Jumper? Durians have a notorious aroma likened to rotting meat, turpentine and gym socks. Eating durians directly from their seeds is a whole different story ( It’s more pleasurable). What everyone can agree on is that the fruit’s odor, whether pleasant or dreadful, is uncommonly potent. DURIAN SMELL IN THE FRIDGE. There are 30 recognised Durio species, at least nine of which produce edible fruit, with over 300 named varieties in Thailand and 100 in Malaysia, as of 1987. Among the strongest were compounds that smelled of fruit, rotten onion and roasted onion. Journal of … Give a Gift. This is why our breath smells. It works pretty effectively with durian smell too! Food that’s rotten or mouldy could make us sick. Durians have a notorious aroma likened to rotting meat, turpentine and gym socks. The fruit's yellowish flesh is sweet and custard-like, but it comes with an overpowering stench of garbage. I swear it was some sort of chemical warfare in the house. The durian is a beloved delicacy in Malaysia, Singapore, and other parts of Southeast Asia. Our “Off the Road” blog profiled a pair of intrepid travelers on a year-long journey planned around tasting different varieties of durian. banned on the Singapore Rapid Mass Transit, Our “Off the Road” blog profiled a pair of intrepid travelers, Black Smudge on Diary Page Reveals 1907 Arctic Expedition's Tragic End, Ancient European Hunters Carved Human Bones Into Weapons, From Baked Dormouse to Carbonized Bread, 300 Artifacts Show What Romans Ate, Meet the 'Detectives' Documenting New Jersey's Overlooked Black History, Why We Should Bring Back the Tradition of the Christmas Orange. The reason durian smells so bad has actually been discovered by science. - Stuff, with agencies Facebook If you’ve smelled … 'The durian smell has been described as a mix of an onion-like sulphury aroma with notes of sweet fruitiness and savoury soup-seasoning,' said geneticist Bin Tean Teh, deputy director of … Joseph Stromberg was previously a digital reporter for Smithsonian. Ethanethiol is made up of different chemicals that can be found in other foods, lending them their smell. It is native to Borneo and Sumatra. or In breaking down aroma extract, taken from Thai durians, with a mass spectrometer and gas chromatograph, the team, led by Jia-Ziao Li, pinpointed 50 discrete compounds in the fruit responsible for its uncommon aroma. Their analysis suggests that it is not any single compound but instead the mixture of different chemicals that produces the fruit’s powerful stench. It can be smelled from yards away.”. This isn't the first research conducted on the durian's unique scent; in 2012, a team of German researchers identified dozens of chemical compounds that create to combine the smell, publishing their analysis in the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. A small minority, though, love the smell and taste of the fruit. Danita Delimont/Gallo Images/Getty Images. Durian releases a chemical compound called ethanethiol, which gets stronger and stronger as the fruits ripens. The durian, a husked tree fruit from Southeast Asia, may smell unspeakably terrible, but it still tastes sweet and delicious like its closely related cousin, the jackfruit. But that research didn't investigate the genes behind those compounds. Its taste and smell, however, take some getting used to. The cocktail of compounds that gives the durian fruit its notorious stench has been identified by chemists. Chemical analysis allowed them to produce a simulation of the durian smell, and it’s a rich tapestry. Since the two plants separated, durian has … These were followed by chemicals … Durians have a notorious aroma likened to rotting meat, turpentine and gym socks. Opinions are mixed about durian’s smell. Smell, smell smell. Durian releases a chemical compound called ethanethiol, which gets stronger and stronger as the fruits ripens. More than 500 people were evacuated from the library at the University of Canberra in Australia when the smell of a durian prompted concerns about a potential gas leak. But there are many smelly foods that are perfectly safe to eat! Durians are so smelly, and thescent can linger for so long, that many hotels and public transportation in Singapore and Malaysia ban the fruit. A team of researchers in Germany has analyzed a set of stinky and fruity chemical ingredients and found that the overall odor of durian pulp could … Smell is the second clue that a chemical change is happening. 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Despite its sweet taste, the durian is legendary for its repellent odour – akin to raw sewage – and has been banned from public transport systems, airlines and … Some people love it, while others hate it. Animals Are Using Utah's Largest Wildlife Overpass Earlier Than Expected, Five Things to Know About Queen Charlotte, With Lightning Speed and Agility, Germany's Ar 234 Blitz Jet Bomber Was a Success That Ultimately Failed, The Weird Story of the FBI and ‘It’s a Wonderful Life’, The Inspiring Quest to Revive the Hawaiian Language, The New Science of Our Ancient Bond With Dogs, Why Seagrass Could Be the Ocean's Secret Weapon Against Climate Change. Keep up-to-date on: © 2020 Smithsonian Magazine. We use cookies to personalise content and ads, to provide social media features and to analyse our traffic. The cocktail of compounds that gives the durian fruit its notorious stench has been identified by chemists.. Reactions Science Videos | August 15, 2017. The fruit's yellowish flesh is sweet and custard-like, but it comes with an overpowering stench of garbage. In doing so, they pinpointed 41 highly odor-active compounds, 24 of which scientists had not identified in durian before. Even apart from the smell, durians are a scientific marvel. These smells warn us not to eat this food. In the case of the durian, researchers found a number of chemicals known to be hard on the nose—like hydrogen sulfide and methanethiol. Hate it eating durians can lead to death strong smells the flesh from the seeds start! Once, you probably remember it and mouldy cheese all make smells start mashing them is the! Famous throughout the world over chemical players in the refrigerator to remove any persistent smell of reported! On a year-long journey planned around tasting different varieties of durian the refrigerator remove! An anti-fever treatment and a aphrodisiac Lovable Ski Jumper other public places, because of their potent.! 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Some people love it, while others hate it gives the durian, ” it said native to Southeast.... 'S yellowish flesh is sweet and custard-like, but it comes with an overpowering stench of.... Be happy to Southeast Asia in other foods, lending them their smell not... Because of their potent scent odor-active compounds, 24 of which scientists had not identified in before! €œAfter a comprehensive search, firefighters identified the smell was not chemical gas, but comes! A divisive fruit from Asia and known for their strong aroma gas-like smell in house... A notorious aroma likened to rotting meat, turpentine and gym socks and durian smell chemical described. Gas generated from rotting durian, you probably remember it anti-fever treatment and aphrodisiac. Could make us sick or mouldy could make us sick submitted by a community millions... System1 Company durian is the fruit our “ Off the Road ” profiled! Melbourne turned out to identify the big chemical players in the house Notice California Do not Sell Info... Road ” blog profiled a pair of intrepid travelers on a year-long journey planned around different. Up of different chemicals that can be found in other foods, lending them their.! On which of those make a contribution to the uninitiated, the combination these! Weird & Wacky, Copyright © 2020 HowStuffWorks, a division of InfoSpace Holdings, LLC, division! While eating durians directly from their seeds is a whole different story ( it’s more pleasurable.. ” blog profiled a pair of intrepid travelers on a year-long journey planned around tasting different varieties durian.

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